A breast cancer diagnosis can be a life-changing experience and now Kingston General Hospital (KGH) and Hotel Dieu Hospital (HDH) are providing a new level of support to patients through a more comprehensive breast reconstruction program that connects patients with a breast reconstruction surgeon sooner than ever before.
In our region between 14 and 20 per cent of women who are diagnosed with breast cancer will require a mastectomy, which includes the removal of one or both breasts. While effective, this treatment can have a lasting impact on a patient.
“There is good evidence, especially in young women, that if we are able to offer breast reconstruction immediately following a mastectomy, it improves a patient’s general self-confidence and well-being,” says surgical oncologist Dr. Jay Engel. “As we increase the number of reconstruction surgeries offered in Kingston, we will be able to help more women return to their normal life quicker than before.”
With the support of the South East Regional Cancer Program (SERCP) and in partnership with Queen’s University, KGH and HDH have recruited plastic surgeon and reconstruction specialist Dr. Glykeria Martou to help build a regional breast reconstruction program. The program includes reconstruction clinics where breast cancer patients can find out more about their options and decide on an individualized surgical treatment plan.
“We are now able to offer every woman with a breast cancer diagnosis in our community the option of reconstruction as part of our program at KGH and Hotel Dieu,” says Dr. Martou. “This shared program provides more opportunities to assist patients in making an informed decision on what is best for them with respect to both the timing and type of reconstruction.”
There are many reconstruction options but generally patients fall into two pathways, either immediate or delayed surgery. Immediate reconstruction surgery takes place at the same time as the mastectomy so that the patient only has to undergo anesthesia and the subsequent recovery process once. Delayed reconstruction occurs after a mastectomy or lumpectomy and chemotherapy and/or radiation are completed. Reconstruction procedures that can be done on an outpatient basis are performed at HDH, while the more complex procedures requiring a hospital stay take place at KGH.
In the past patients had to be referred by their oncologist or family physician to see a plastic surgeon; often they were referred to a surgeon in Toronto or Ottawa. Now, the new program gives patients the opportunity to access the procedure closer to home, and to be more involved in choosing an option that works best for them.
“When I was diagnosed with breast cancer I felt vulnerable and a little lost,” says patient Liz Adamson. “By fully understanding my options after my mastectomy, I could make the best informed decisions for me and improved my quality of life beyond breast cancer.”